Category: Wolf physiology

Wolf Paws Wolf Fur How wolves differ from dogs. Muzzle — A wolf has two hundred million smelling cells inside its nose and can smell times better then a human being. A wolf has 42 teeth including four canines. Wolves use their sharp teeth to wound, grab and kill its prey. Wolves use their back teeth to crush the bones and make the meat into smaller pieces and they use the small front teeth to nibble and pull at the skin.

A wolf has a very rough tongue which is used for cleaning the meat off of the bones.

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Eyes and Nose — Wolves move their ears from side to side to determine where a sound is coming from. Wolves have excellent eye sight, a keen sense of smell and acute hearing.

Werewolf Physiology

Wolves can see and smell a deer from a great distance. Body — A wolfs body is strong and powerful which enables it to kill large prey such as deer and elk. Fur — The wolf has two layers of fur. On top is a longer course fur used as guard hairs which keeps the wolf dry. The other is short under fur that keeps it warm.

Legs and Feet — Wolves toes spread apart when they step in the snow so they do not sink. Wolves walk and run on their toes. It makes their legs longer and nimble so they can run with speed and catch fast prey. Wolves have four toes on their hind feet and five toes on their fore feet. Tails — Wolves use their tails to communicate. For example, the tails position and the state of its hair send specific messages.

Wolves also have a scent gland on the back surface of their tails which they use to scent-mark territory. Skeleton — The skeleton of the wolf is well adapted to its lifestyle. Their bones need to be strong, for power in bringing down large prey such as caribou, deer, elks or moose. The narrow collarbones, interlocked foreleg bones and specially adapted wrist-bones give the wolf streamlining, strength and speed.

This inability to rotate the forelimbs gives superb stability when running.The body of a wolf allows it to be able to survive in a variety of different locations. The bodies of these animals are built for ultimate survival. It allows for them to be able to run fast, to track prey, and to take down large animals. They can have thick fur that is a variety of colors. They can include white, tan, brown, black, and gray. They are known to have beautiful colors of eyes that can be sky blue or chocolate brown.

When it comes to their colors and their size they have a huge range from one end to the other. There are two types of hair that grow for a wolf. The undercoat is very close to the skin. It helps to offer a water proof barrier so that the body can stay warm and the overall temperature regulated.

The guards are the hairs on the outer layers that we see while looking at a wolf. The thickness of both of these coats depends on the climate as well as the time of year. Scent glands are found in the fur, along the tail that allows them to mark their territory.

Even though the body of a wolf may seem very thin overall, it is full of thick muscles. The chest region is very slender so that they animal have a full range of movement. Most experts believe they have more of a range than any other type of animal. The overall size will depend on the location as well as the species of wolf that you are talking about. Some are only about 50 pound and others are about pounds.

All wolves have rounded ears and a mouth full of extremely sharp teeth. When they are full grown then will have 42 teeth in their mouths.

The front teeth are pointed which allows them to puncture as well as to cling to various elements. The molars are also pointed so that they can easily shred their prey. They have back molars that are flat and that they use for crushing the bones of their prey. Their jaws are extremely powerful which allows them to capture their prey as well as to fight when they need to. The secret is that their jaws interlock so they can bite and hold onto prey with very little effort.

You will notice that the feet of wolves are extremely large.See Subspecies of Canis lupus.

Wolf Physiology

The wolf Canis lupus [a]also known as the gray wolf or grey wolfis a large canine native to Eurasia and North America. The wolf is also distinguished from other Canis species by its less pointed ears and muzzle, as well as a shorter torso and a longer tail.

The wolf is nonetheless related closely enough to smaller Canis species, such as the coyote and the golden jackalto produce fertile hybrids with them. The banded fur of a wolf is usually mottled white, brown, gray, and black, although subspecies in the arctic region may be nearly all white.

Of all members of the genus Canisthe wolf is most specialized for cooperative game hunting as demonstrated by its physical adaptations to tackling large prey, its more social natureand its highly advanced expressive behaviour. It travels in nuclear families consisting of a mated pair accompanied by their offspring. Offspring may leave to form their own packs on the onset of sexual maturity and in response to competition for food within the pack.

Wolves are also territorial and fights over territory are among the principal causes of wolf mortality. The wolf is mainly a carnivore and feeds on large wild hooved mammals as well as smaller animals, livestock, carrionand garbage. Single wolves or mated pairs typically have higher success rates in hunting than do large packs. Pathogens and parasites, notably rabiesmay infect wolves. Wolves have a long history of interactions with humans, having been despised and hunted in most pastoral communities because of their attacks on livestock, while conversely being respected in some agrarian and hunter-gatherer societies.

Although the fear of wolves exists in many human societies, the majority of recorded attacks on people have been attributed to animals suffering from rabies. Wolf attacks on humans are rare because wolves are relatively few, live away from people, and have developed a fear of humans because of their experiences with hunters, ranchers, and shepherds.

Wolf Anatomy

Since pre-Christian times, Germanic peoples such as the Anglo-Saxons took on wulf as a prefix or suffix in their names. Gray wolf. African golden wolf. Ethiopian wolf. Golden jackal.

wolf physiology

African wild dog. Side-striped jackal. Black-backed jackal. Inthe Swedish botanist and zoologist Carl Linnaeus published in his Systema Naturae the binomial nomenclature. He classified the domestic dog as Canis familiarisand the wolf as Canis lupus. In the third edition of Mammal Species of the World published inthe mammalogist W.

Christopher Wozencraft listed under C. Wozencraft included hallstromi —the New Guinea singing dog —as a taxonomic synonym for the dingo. Wozencraft referred to a mitochondrial DNA study as one of the guides in forming his decision, and listed the 38 subspecies of C.Skeletal Muscle: Wolves are superbly constructed and adapted for their particular role in an ecosystem — predators that pursue a large and small prey over different kinds of terrain like open plains, dense forest, deep snow, steep slopes and into water.

Wolves have developed lean, muscular bodies set on long, powerful legs to be able to pursue prey. Because wolves have narrow chests and outward — splayed forelegs, their hind legs can move in the same track as their front legs — an advantage in covering ground efficiently. Reproduction: Wolves breed once a year. Their breeding season is usually January through February. The mother gives birth 63 days later, roughly in April or May, to a litter of four to eight pups, each weighing about 1 pound.

The pups are born in a den, where they will stay for the first six to eight weeks of their life. When the pups are first born they cannot see, hear or maintain warmth and they need constant care from their mother. By to eight weeks of age, the pups will venture out of the den and begin their life of learning how to be a predator.

Jaw Strength: The wolf has powerful jaws, capable of exerting about pounds of pressure per square inch — or twice that of the domestic German Shepard.

Wolves are accustomed to a feast and famine existence, often going many days without eating and then gorging as much as 20 pounds in a single sitting. Wolves are opportunistic hunters, meaning they will take down what they can get, which often happens to be the weak, sick, old and very young.

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Under the right conditions a wolf can smell something up to yards to 1 mile away. Hearing: Their hearing is excellent also. Under certain conditions, wolves can hear a howl as far as six miles away in the forest and ten miles away on the open tundra.The power to use the abilities of a werewolf. Variation of Mythic Physiology and Canine Physiology.

wolf physiology

Opposite to Wolfwere Physiology. This transformation is often associated with the appearance of the full moon. Most depictions are unable to change back into their base form when the full-moon disappears, only changing when the full moon appears, and in more unique cases, capable of transforming freely any time when needed without the requirement of a full moon. The user gains the traits of werewolves, most obvious being ability to change into a wolf with the natural characteristics inherent to both wolves and humans, including senses, stamina, agility, etc.

In addition werewolves are often attributed strength and speed far beyond those of wolves or men and may have them in lesser amount even when untransformed. Other than this, details vary considerably: some are limited to single form which ranges from completely animal to man-wolf humanoid with fur, claws and fangs ; some can shift between human, wolf-man humanoid wolf and pure wolf; while others are able to choose to what extent they want to change, including what parts.

Their wolf-form may be completely natural wolf in form, something resembling a Dire Wolf, or even something directly from the darkest dredges of human fear for wolves. Although some wolf instinct is likely to influence a werewolf in transformed state, this varies from completely animal mind to perfectly aware human, even to the stereotypical monster lusting for blood. Although it is very commonly linked to werewolves, they aren't all vulnerable to silver or other traditional weaknesses.

For some these are no more or less harmful than any other metal or substance, some are essentially un-killable for anything else.

Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Legend says that this gift, or curse, granted them the reason of men, the instinct of wolves, and a strength far surpassing either species. Legend states that this fusion of man and beast, immune to all harm save silver or fire, who towers over mere mortals, powerful beyond imagining - Damn, I wish I was that guy! Never trust a stranger-friend; No-one knows how it will end.

As you're pretty, so be wise; Wolves may lurk in every guise. Handsome they may be, and kind, Gay, or charming — never mind!

Now as then, 'tis simple truth — Sweetest tongue has sharpest tooth! Contents [ show ]. Parker Mr. Valkenhayn R. Due to his werewolf nature, The Captain Hellsing possesses superhuman senses, strength, speed, reflexes, agility, dexterity, coordination, balance, durability, stamina, regenerative healing factor, etc. Olivier Heartcatch Precure! Movie real name is 'Loup-Garou' meaning 'Werewolf', due to the fact he's an actual werewolf.

Josh Levison's Being Human werewolf transformation. William Corvinus Underworldthe very first werewolf.


Ai Dragon Crisis was turned into a werewolf from a Lost Precious implanted inside her as a child. Elbia Hanaiman Outbreak Company is a young werewolf from the alternate world of Eldant.

Due to a parasitic agent developed from the food in McDonaldland, all of the women from there Warrior Wolf Women of the Wasteland gain wolf-characteristics - as well as super strength, super senses, etc. Kagerou Imaizumi Touhou Project can transform into a wolf on the night of the full moon.Overall, we were impressed with how well planned everything was. All the guesthouses we stayed in were very very comfortable.

Much better than we had expected and the owners were all lovely. We always had a good home cooked breakfast and sometimes a dinner was provided at a cost of course. We were so glad we had chosen the "budget" accommodation to experience being in someone's home and meeting others staying there.

Would highly recommend this type of accommodation. Found driving around Iceland quite easy. It is the only way to do it rather than be with a tour bus. The GPS helped a lot as did the general maps. The main map was excellent where our route was plotted out for us. Just loved the whole experience. Each day seemed to be better than the previous such a beautiful country of contrasts. Put plenty of photos on Facebook and so many of our friends did not realise how amazing and picturesque Iceland is.

The day tours were excellent, particularly the ones from Hofn, Isafjordur and Akureyri. We are really grateful to the guides on these tours for making them so interesting and special.

This vacation was our honeymoon. We had just got married in the states a few days prior to the start of our trip. We had the most incredible experience. Everything was just wonderful. Working with our travel agent, Maria, for months prior, could not have been a better experience.

She was so helpful, always quick to respond, answered all of my (many.

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My sister secretly reached out to her to choose a restaurant to treat us to dinner for the last night of our trip, and Maria's suggestion was perfect.

I especially loved the folder we received upon arrival that included vouchers for each day. This was helpful to enter in the destination to the car's GPS to help us get around.

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Not only did it suggest what to do each day, but it gave you a little history of each item. Since we were on our own most of the trip, these little blurbs of info gave me a nice bit of history, the perfect amount. The section at the end that provided helpful tips on traveling, money, tipping, weather, packing, etc.


I could not have asked for a better experience at any stage of planning or the trip itself. Sofia was very, very helpful. This is our second tour with Nordic Visitor. Last year we went to Greenland was impressed with Nordic Visitor and booked another vacation. The location of hotels and quality of hotels was excellent. All hotels were close to train stations and also close to tourist activities. As this was our first time to Sweden, Denmark and Norway I did have questions and Sofia was very quick to answer them.

This is our type of vacation as we prefer self guided over group tours. I would recommend your company and in fact have already done so. Again, a big thank you to Sofia.BofA Merrill Lynch also factors in a rebound of the U. As always, the game of predicting oil prices will have its winners and losers next year, too.

But 2017 has some major wildcards for oil prices in store, including, but not limited to: Would OPEC stick to promised cuts. Would those cuts rebalance the market at some point next year. Even if they start the year with sticking to cuts, would some OPEC and non-OPEC producers start cheating and renege on pledges once they see more revenues at higher oil prices and be tempted to get more revenue.

How would this affect global supply and oil prices. How would OPEC react to the U. Next PostOilfield Services To See Spending Surge In 2017 Tsvetana is a writer for the U. How many would be needed to be added back to increase production commensurate with OPEC cuts. How much capex would it take reactivate over 1000 rigs.

Can the shale producers really increase production to an extent to obviate the OPEC cut when LESS capex is being spent. How long will it take to gets those new rigs up and running and producing. Phil Currie on December 23 2016 said: Craig Ferrell is correct. One more thing to add to his comments. Where will all the people come from to run these rigs to bring back this oil production.

Many have left the industry, some will flock back, but not all. I do not see the rig count in the US going over 1000 for a very long time, if ever again. The pundit class never seems to be interested in talking about how accurate they have been, and that's not aimed at you personally Ms.

Craig Ferrell on December 23 2016 said: Thanks Phil. Couldn't fit in previous comment field the aspect of financing.

Banks review borrowing base twice a year, and cut back last fall based on lower prices. By the time they re-evaluate in spring with higher bases and presumably more ability to spend on capex, the 1st round of OPEC cuts will already be in the books. It will take a bit longer than assumed, and thus higher oil prices. James kaiser on December 23 2016 said: I agree with Craig and Phil. The big thing Oil Shale requires is CAPEX.

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You have to spend big money to make big money. They either have to make the money or borrow it.

wolf physiology

They can't produce enough to drill, and banks aren't going to lend them money OR they're already extended their credit to the limit. Also, companies are inherently conservative. The industry might be short sited at times, but it's still runs to make a profit, and until there's enough revenue and cash flow coming back OUT of oil shales, banks and company executives will hesitate to or won't be able to spend like it's 2014.

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